Wetland System Management
- Agricultural water management
- Decision support systems for wetlands
- Integrated constructed wetlands
- Sustainable drainage systems (wetlands, ponds and retention systems)
- Sustainable flood retention wetlands
- Treatment wetlands and ponds
- Wastewater treatment with wetlands
- Watercourse remediation
A wetland is an ecosystem that is flooded by water either permanently or seasonally. Wetlands play a number of roles including water purification, water storage, processing of carbon and other nutrients, and support of plants and animals. Wetlands are the most biologically diverse of all ecosystems. In comparison, a constructed wetland is an artificial wetland system treating municipal or industrial wastewater, greywater or storm water runoff.
It may also be designed for land reclamation, or as a mitigation measure for areas lost to land development as well as flood mitigation and catchment-based climate resilience methods. Constructed wetland systems are engineered systems that use vegetation, soil, and organisms to treat wastewater.